Construction exploded during Queen Victoria’s reign, and because of the high-quality structures, Victorian-Style buildings can still be found in South Australia, New South Wales, Victoria and Tasmania today. The Australian climate has also influenced architectural design, where balconies and verandas were more frequent to enjoy the sunny weather. Other influences were the Georgian, gothic, regency, and Italian style homes. Features like red brick construction and simple pitched roof, and decorated brick facades were common. The late 1800’s to the early 1900s saw the rise of Federation architecture. In this era, the emphasis was on pared-back yet still complex tiling patterns, with earthy colours becoming on trend.
Tiling patterns shifted away from simple, monochromatic look to more vivid colours and complex tile patterns. Encaustics are used extensively in this period.